My substitute for 'all-purpose flour' was plain spelt flour.
I also used rice bran oil rather than canola oil as it was in the pantry.
They came out of the oven with interestingly little quirky bumps rather than a flat surface.
Never perturbed by unusual shapes, I set about slicing up some strawberries to macerate in some maple syrup...mmm!
Soon thereafter, a little slicing here, a dollop there (of lemon butter),
Soon we were all making cupcakes.
a definite thumbs up.
Next time, I'll have to try a real vegan version.